maricopensis LB-34T, DSM biological activity 21211, was grown in DSMZ medium 736 (Rich Medium)  at 28��C. DNA was isolated from 0.5-1 g of cell paste using MasterPure Gram-positive DNA purification kit (Epicentre MGP04100) following the standard protocol as recommended by the manufacturer, with a modification in cell lysis by adding 20 ��l lysozyme (100 mg/��l), and 10 ��l mutanolysine, achromopeptidase and lysostphine, each, for 40 min at 37��C, followed by one hour incubation on ice after the MPC step. DNA is available through the DNA Bank Network [48,49]. Genome sequencing and assembly The genome was sequenced using a combination of Illumina and 454 sequencing platforms. All general aspects of library construction and sequencing can be found at the JGI website .
Pyrosequencing reads were assembled using the Newbler assembler version 2.3 (Roche). The initial Newbler assembly consisting of 58 contigs in two scaffolds was converted into a phrap assembly by  making fake reads from the consensus, to collect the read pairs in the 454 paired end library. Illumina GAii sequencing data (957.8 Mb) were assembled with Velvet version 0.7.63  and the consensus sequences were shredded into 1.5 kb overlapped fake reads and assembled together with the 454 data. The 454 draft assembly was based on 234.5 Mb 454 draft data and all of the 454 paired end data. Newbler parameters are -consed -a 50 -l 350 -g -m -ml 20. The Phred/Phrap/Consed software package  was used for sequence assembly and quality assessment in the subsequent finishing process.
After the shotgun stage, reads were assembled with parallel phrap (High Performance Software, LLC). Possible mis-assemblies were corrected with gapResolution , Dupfinisher , or sequencing cloned bridging PCR fragments with subcloning or transposon bombing (Epicentre Biotechnologies, Madison, WI). Gaps between contigs were closed by editing in Consed, by PCR and by Bubble PCR primer walks (J.-F.Chang, unpublished). A total of 255 additional reactions were necessary to close gaps and to raise the quality of the finished sequence. Illumina reads were also used to correct potential base errors and increase consensus quality using a software Polisher developed at JGI . The error rate of the completed genome sequence is less than 1 in 100,000. Together, the combination of the Illumina and 454 sequencing platforms provided 246.
3 �� coverage of the genome. The final assembly contained 872,337 pyrosequence and 16,604,657 Illumina reads. Genome annotation Genes were identified using Prodigal  as part of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory genome annotation pipeline, followed by a round of manual curation using the JGI GenePRIMP pipeline . The predicted CDSs were translated and used to AV-951 search the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) nonredundant database, UniProt, TIGR-Fam, Pfam, PRIAM, KEGG, COG, and InterPro databases.