1; P = 0.02) in patients with HCC of 2 cm or less, des-γ-carboxy prothrombin of 100 mAU/mL or more (HR, Talazoparib solubility dmso 2.5; P = 0.02) and AST/ALT of 80 IU/L or more (HR, 2.1; P = 0.04) in patients with HCC of more than 2 cm to less than 5 cm, and the presence of macroscopic portal vein tumor thrombus (HR, 2.8; P = 0.02) and AST/ALT of 80 IU/L or more (HR, 2.1; P = 0.04) in patients with HCC of 5 cm or more. All 13 late recurrences of 1 year or more after hepatic resection (27.1%) in patients with HCC of 5 cm or more were accompanied by AST/ALT of 80 IU/L or more. AST/ALT of 80 IU/L or more is an independent risk factor
for the recurrence of primary solitary HC-HCC after curative resection irrespective of the primary HC-HCC size. “
“Aim: Fibrosing cholestatic hepatitis C (FCH) post-liver transplantation (LT) is an uncommon disorder with extremely poor outcome. Using stringent histological criteria, we sought to identify cases of FCH to better characterize its incidence, clinical features and outcomes. Methods: From January
1991 to December 2007, 973 LT for hepatitis C virus (HCV) were performed at our center. Using the pathology database, 51 cases with a provisional diagnosis of FCH were identified. FCH was diagnosed histologically by cholestasis accompanied by thin periportal fibrous septa, ductular reaction and mild inflammation. Results: FCH was reconfirmed in 24 recipients; seven had concurrent biliary Osimertinib order problems. Twenty-seven cases were excluded; biopsy was unavailable in nine cases, 15 did not meet the histological criteria of FCH and three had missing clinical information. All received deceased donors at a mean age of 64.4 years (15/17 aged >50 years). Mean time from LT to FCH was 7.6 months with 16 of 17 diagnosed within 1 year of LT. At diagnosis, mean viral load was 14.4 million IU/mL, bilirubin 16.2 mg/dL, aspartate aminotransferase 262 IU/mL, alanine aminotransferase 192 IU/mL and alkaline phosphatase 299 IU/mL. All 17 Thiamet G patients died or required re-LT a mean of 7.8 months after the FCH diagnosis. Conclusion: FCH occurs infrequently and is typified by hyperbilirubinemia, donor age of
more than 50 years, extremely high HCV RNA and specific histological changes occurring within the first several months post-LT with extremely poor patient and graft survival. Histology alone is not reliable for the diagnosis of FCH, especially in the setting of recurrent HCV with concurrent biliary problems. “
“Substantial reductions in hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevalence among people who inject drugs (PWID) cannot be achieved by harm reduction interventions such as needle exchange and opiate substitution therapy (OST) alone. Current HCV treatment is arduous and uptake is low, but new highly effective and tolerable interferon-free direct-acting antiviral (DAA) treatments could facilitate increased uptake. We projected the potential impact of DAA treatments on PWID HCV prevalence in three settings.