TCs establish close contacts with blood capillaries, nerve fibers and stem cells. We report here identification of TCs by electron microscopy and immunofluorescence in rat meninges and choroid plexus/subventricular zone, in the vicinity of putative stem cells. The presence of TCs in brain areas involved in adult neurogenesis
might indicate that they have a role in modulation TH-302 mouse of neural stem cell fate. (c) 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Slitrks are a family of structurally related transmembrane proteins belonging to the leucine-rich repeat (LRR) superfamily. Six family members exist (Slitrk1-6) and all are highly expressed in the central nervous system (CNS). Slitrks have been implicated in mediating SHP099 basic
neuronal processes, ranging from neurite outgrowth and dendritic elaboration to neuronal survival. Recent studies in humans and genetic mouse models have led to the identification of Slitrks as candidate genes that might be involved in the development of neuropsychiatric conditions, such as obsessive compulsive spectrum disorders and schizophrenia. Although these system-level approaches have suggested that Slitrks play prominent roles in CNS development, key questions remain regarding the molecular mechanisms through which they mediate neuronal signaling and connectivity.”
“The aim of this study was to use proteomics-based approach to examine differences in protein expression in placenta derived from assisted reproductive technology (ART) and normal pregnancy. Using 2-DE we found that, compared with the control group, 12
spots in standard in vitro fertilization group and 18 spots in intracytoplasmic sperm injection group were identified as significantly differentially expressed proteins. Among them, six spots were differentially expressed in both standard IVF and ICSI groups with the same change tendency. Totally, 20 proteins were successfully identified by MALDI TOF/TOF MS, including proteins involved in the membrane traffic, metabolism, nucleic add processing, stress response and cytoskeleton. Notably, five proteins detected to be differentially expressed in both ARTgroups Metformin in vitro were identified as annexin A3, hnRNP C1/C2, alpha-SNAP, FTL and ATP5A. Some of the proteins were confirmed by Western blot and immunohistochemistry analysis. Our study allowed for the initial identification of these proteins related to various functions in placentation with significantly altered abundance in ART groups. The present results reveal that abnormal protein profiles are involved in ART placenta and these differentially expressed proteins may be valuable for the evaluation of potential association between ART treatment and offspring outcome.”
“Previous studies found that the NMDA receptor-mediated signaling regulates thermal nociception, though the underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear.