Specifically, H for the orthorhombic phase shown in Figure  7b is

Specifically, H for the orthorhombic phase shown in Figure  7b is weaker than the trigonal phase shown in Figure  7a. It depicts that the MM based on orthorhombic phase has a smaller magnetic dipolar

moment than the trigonal phase and thus smaller FOM. To further understand the negative-index resonance in the metamaterials, it is useful to study the dispersion of the surface plasmon polariton (SPP) modes within the multilayer structure. Both the internal and external SPP modes in the multilayer metamaterials are similar to those of the same structure without resonant elements, i.e., MDM films SAHA HDAC [42], where the internal SPP mode resonates in the inner surfaces of the metal layers and the external SPP mode resonates in the outer surfaces of the metal layers. Therefore, the SPP dispersion

relation of the multilayer metamaterial can be approximately approached by that of the MDM structure. In Figure  8, we have calculated the SPP mode dispersion relation of the Au-Bi2Se3-Au sheets with the top Au film thickness t 1 = 30 nm, middle Bi2Se3 film thickness t 2 = 60 nm, and bottom Au film thickness t 3 = 30 nm. The transmittance https://www.selleckchem.com/products/Roscovitine.html spectrum of the multilayer metamaterials is also depicted together with the dispersion relation of the Au-Bi2Se3-Au films. Figure 8 Dispersion relation of the structure. Representation of the dispersion relation of the Au-Bi2Se3-Au trilayer (left) and the transmittance of the multilayer metamaterials (right) for both (a) trigonal Bi2Se3 and (b) orthorhombic Bi2Se3. Recalling the coupling condition from light to SPP modes [42], it can be seen that the (1,1) internal resonance of the Au-Bi2Se3-Au trilayer is excited at 2,350 nm associated with the trigonal Bi2Se3 in Figure  8a. This internal selleck products SPP resonance blueshifts to 2,010 nm when

the trigonal state changes to the orthorhombic state as shown in Figure  8b. We also observe that the two internal (1,1) modes which appear at 2,350 and 2,010 nm in the simple MDM structure do not perfectly match the two absorbance peaks at the resonance wavelengths of 2,140 and 1,770 nm in the multilayer metamaterials for both the trigonal and orthorhombic phases, respectively. This difference is because the dispersion relation of the SPP modes used as matching condition does not include the resonant squares, which cause a resonance shift [42]. Conclusions In conclusion, this work numerically demonstrates the tunable optical properties of an ENA perforated through Au/Bi2Se3/Au trilayers. We present that the MDM-ENA can be improved to FG-4592 molecular weight exhibit a substantial frequency tunability of the intrinsic resonance in the NIR spectral region by selecting Bi2Se3 as the active dielectric material. Particularly, the resonant transmission, reflection, and the effective constitutive parameters of the Bi2Se3-coupled multilayer MM can be massively blueshifted by transiting the phase of the Bi2Se3 film from the trigonal to orthorhombic.

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