In Proceedings of the Eleventh International Symposium on Human C

In Proceedings of the Eleventh International Symposium on Human Chlamydial Infections: 18–23 June 2006; Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario,

Canada. Edited by: Chernesky M, Caldwell H, Christiansen G, Clarke IN, Kaltenboeck B, Knirsch C, Kuo CC, Mahony J, Rank RG, Saikku P, Schachter J, Stamm WE, Stephens RS, Summersgill PLX3397 JT, Timms P, Wyrick PB. International Chlamydia Symposium, San Francisco, CA; 2006:225–228. 17. Kaltenboeck B, Storz J: Biological properties and genetic analysis of the omp A locus in chlamydiae isolated from swine. Am J Vet Res 1992, 53:1482–1487.PubMed 18. Perez-Martinez JA, Storz J: Persistent infection of L cells with an ovine abortion strain of Chlamydia psittaci . Infect Immun 1985, 50:453–8.PubMed 19. Chew T, Noyce R, Collins SE, Hancock MH, Mossman KL: Characterization of the interferon regulatory factor 3-mediated antiviral response in a cell line deficient for IFN production. Mol Immunol 2009, 46:393–9.

2009PubMedCrossRef 20. Deka S, Vanover J, Sun J, Kintner J, Whittimore J, Schoborg RV: An early event in the herpes simplex AC220 research buy virus type-2 replication cycle is sufficient to induce Chlamydia trachomatis persistence. Cell Microbiol 2007, 9:725–37.PubMedCrossRef 21. Vanover J, Sun J, Deka S, Kintner J, Duffourc MM, Schoborg RV: Herpes simplex virus co-infection-induced Chlamydia trachomatis persistence is not mediated by any known persistence inducer or anti-chlamydial pathway. Microbiology 2008, 154:971–8.PubMedCrossRef 22. Vanover J, Kintner J, Whittimore J, Schoborg RV: Interaction

of HSV-2 glycoprotein D with the host cell surface is sufficient to induce Chlamydia trachomatis persistence. Microbiology 2010, in press. 23. Pospischil 4��8C A, Borel N, Chowdhury EH, Guscetti F: Aberrant chlamydial developmental stages in the gastrointestinal tract of pigs spontaneously and experimentally infected with Chlamydia suis . Vet Microbiol 2009, 135:147–56.PubMedCrossRef 24. Howard L, Orenstein NS, King NW: Purification on renografin density gradients of Chlamydia trachomatis grown in the yolk sac of eggs. Appl Microbiol 1974, 27:102–106.PubMed Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Authors’ contributions NB conceived of the study, planned the experiments, and drafted the manuscript. CD and UZ performed the imaging and statistical analyses. AS and CK carried out the cell culture experiments including immunofluorescence and transmission electron microscopy. AP participated in the design and coordination of the study and helped to draft the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.”
“Background Campylobacter jejuni is the most common bacterial cause of human gastroenteritis worldwide [1]. In many European countries, including Avapritinib purchase Finland, the number of laboratory confirmed C. jejuni infections doubled in the last decade [2]. In Finland, approximately 4500 cases were reported in 2008 [3], with an incidence of 85/100 000 inhabitants.

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