The fact that HL treatment also decreases the non-photochemical q

The fact that HL treatment also decreases the non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) (Carr and Björk 2007) confirms strongly a relation between NPQ and photoelectrical STAT inhibitor quenching (Vredenberg 2011). Also the variable fluorescence PARP inhibitor emission associated with release of photoelectrochemical quenching was less after HL treatment; in the R plant it even became zero. This indicates that the electrochemical potential of protons becomes lower after HL treatment, possibly due to damage to the thylakoid membrane associated with photoinhibition. The F CET components illustrate the release of quenching due to the proton

potential build up by cyclic electron transport (Vredenberg 2011). After HL treatment, this release of quenching was decreased in the R plants,

while it was increased in the S plants. The reason for this discrepancy is as yet unknown. The pre-conditioning at high light for a full day was followed by adaptation at very low light, also for a full day. This cycle was repeated three times. The measurements presented are from the first day (after adaptation at high light) and from the second day (after 1 day at low light). The measurements of the second and third cycle were found to be qualitatively similar to those of the first 2 days. This indicates a reversible stability of the system during and after the alternating light protocol that was followed. Acknowledgments J.v.R. thanks Dr. Christa Critchley see more for hospitality and use of facilities at the University of Queensland at Brisbane, Australia. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited. References Anderson JM, Park Y-I, Chow WS (1998) Unifying model for the photoinactivation of photosystem II in vivo: a Dehydratase hypothesis. Photosynth Res 56:1–13CrossRef Callahan FE, Becker DW, Cheniae GM (1986) Studies on the photoinactivation of the water-oxidizing enzyme. II. Characterization of weak light photoinhibition of PSII and its light-induced recovery. Plant

Physiol 82:261–269PubMedCrossRef Carr H, Björk M (2007) Parallel changes in non-photochemical quenching properties, photosynthesis and D1 levels at sudden prolonged irradiance exposure in Ulva fasciata Delile. J Photochem Photobiol B 87:18–26PubMedCrossRef Chylla RA, Garab G, Whitmarsh J (1987) Evidence for slow turnover of a fraction of photosystem II complexes in thylakoid membranes. Biochim Biophys Acta 894:562–571CrossRef Curwiel VB, Schansker G, de Vos OJ, van Rensen JJS (1993) Comparison of photosynthetic activities in triazine-resistant and susceptible biotypes of Chenopodium album. Z Naturforsch 48c:278–282 Duysens LNM, Sweers HE (1963) Mechanisms of the two photochemical reactions in algae as studied by means of fluorescence.

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