Nevertheless, 55% experienced 30:2 to be the more comfortable re

Nevertheless, 55% experienced 30:2 to be the more comfortable regimen (versus 35% for 15:2). Discussion We investigated the impact of physical fitness, BMI and gender of the provider on the quality of ECC when performing CVRs of 15:2 and 30:2. Our main findings are as follows: 1) good physical fitness and a higher BMI (in this study above 25.4 kg/m2) correlate positively and independently of gender with the quality of ECC (primarily Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical defined by correct compression depth and rate); 2) female participants performed ECC that was too shallow and more rapid as compared to male participants; 3) compression depth decreased over time among less fit participants and participants with a lower BMI; 4) a

CVR of 30:2 was rated to be more exhausting but also more comfortable; 5) physical fitness tests Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical focusing on the upper body of the health care provider may be a reliable tool to predict the quality of ECC. Our study confirmed the calculation that a CVR of 30:2 results in a higher number of compressions and a consequential reduction in no-flow time as compared to 15:2 [12,17]. Other ECC data, such as compression, XL184 order decompression depths and compression amplitude, did not statistically differ between the two CVRs, which confirms previous data [11]. Nevertheless, rescuer fatigue, reflected by a decrease of compression depth over time, Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical occurs at an earlier stage

and is more pronounced for 30:2 compared to 15:2. Physically fit rescuers as well as rescuers with a higher BMI showed better ECC performance and significantly less fatigue. More importantly, a higher BMI in this study was not an epiphenomenon of higher physical fitness due to increased Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical muscle mass.

It seems important to point out that the study participants with higher BMIs decompressed the chest to a lesser extent than those with lower BMIs, independently of gender. Although these differences are not statistically significant, participants with higher BMIs should be reminded to avoid leaning on the patients’ Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical chest in order to fully decompress the chest, and thus provide optimal circulatory support as highlighted in the updated 2010 ERC Guidelines [1]. Leaning on the patient’s chest seems to be a common occurrence [18], and several authors recently addressed this adverse phenomenon [19,20]. In a clinical observational study, Fried et al. defined leaning as the presence of force above 2.5 kg at the point of minimum chest compression depth (decompression depth) and found a wide range of leaning during chest compressions [20]. In contrast, in this Oxymatrine manikin-based study we found that all our participants failed to let the chest recoil completely. With the MatLabâ„¢ analyses, we might have been able to detect leaning in a more sensitive manner. However, the differences between clinical and manikin-based studies need to be acknowledged and, in addition, different definitions and thresholds for leaning may hinder study comparisons and assessments of clinical importance [20-22].

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