J Ind Eng Chem 2012, 18:449–455 10 1016/j jiec 2011 11 029CrossR

J Ind Eng Chem 2012, 18:449–455. 10.1016/j.jiec.2011.11.029CrossRef 17. Qiu Y, Chen W, Yang S: Double-layered photoanodes from variable-size anatase TiO 2 nanospindles: a candidate for high-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells. Angew Chem 2010, 122:3757–3761. 10.1002/ange.200906933CrossRef 18. Lin XP, Song DM, Gu

XQ, Zhao YL, Qiang YH: Synthesis of hollow spherical TiO 2 for dye-sensitized solar cells with enhanced performance. Appl Surf Sci 2012, 263:816–820.CrossRef 19. Kim A-Y, Kang M: High efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells based on multilayer stacked TiO 2 nanoparticle/nanotube Selleck Androgen Receptor Antagonist photoelectrodes. J Photochem Photobiol A Chem 2012, 233:20–23.CrossRef 20. Bakhshayesh AM, Mohammadia MR, Dadar H, Fray DJ: Improved efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells aided by corn-like TiO 2 nanowires as the light scattering layer. Electrochim Acta 2013, 90:302–308.CrossRef 21. Ferrari AC, Meyer JC, Scardaci V, Casiraghi C, Lazzeri M, Mauri F, Piscanec S, Jiang D, Novoselov KS, Roth S, Geim AK: Raman spectrum of graphene and graphene layers. Phys Rev Lett 2006, 97:187401.CrossRef 22. Yang N, Zhai J, Wang D, Chen Y, Jiang L: Two-dimensional graphene bridges enhanced photoinduced charge transport in dye-sensitized solar cells. ACS Nano

2010, 4:887–894. 10.1021/nn901660vCrossRef 23. Murayama M, Mori T: Evaluation of treatment effects for high-performance dye-sensitized solar cells using equivalent circuit analysis. Thin Sol Film 2006, 509:123–126. 10.1016/j.tsf.2005.09.145CrossRef buy Tubastatin A Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Authors’ contributions LCC wrote the paper and designed the experiments. CHH prepared the samples. PSC, XYZ, and CJH did all the measurements and analyzed the data. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.”
“Background SbQ (a styrylpyridinium salt), similar to surfactants, is an amphiphilic sensitizer of the styrylpyridinium family [1], and it produces a very planar stacked rod-like micelle structure. Such a structure makes it possible to stack the molecules with Orotidine 5′-phosphate decarboxylase the hydrophobic regions one above the other, with the aldehyde

and nitrogen-methyl groups alternating, and finally produces an aggregate [2]. SbQ can react with amino groups of proteins to improve the protein stabilization [3]. Moreover, it can be dimerized via the [2 + 2]-cycloaddition 4SC-202 order reaction under ultraviolet (UV) irradiation [4]. According to Tao et al. [5], cross-linking of the hydrophobic core via dimerization reaction of the SbQ molecules induced by UV light ultimately produced cross-linked micelles because of hydrophobic interactions between SbQ molecules. Hence, the cross-linked SbQ-montmorillonite (MMT) has potential applications for hydrophobic drug delivery and can be used as an additive into polymeric composites and improve the stability and mechanical properties of polymers [6–9].

Comments are closed.