Interestingly, the rhombus shape suggested that the variable had

Interestingly, the rhombus shape suggested that the variable had not been characterized. The OR was far from the midline and differed markedly from other studies. The weight ratio depended on the model used for analysis, with a minimum weight box displayed in the forest plots. The maximal weight box did not represent those reported previously and included the highest number of samples (84,334 cases), Sorafenib mouse although others had difference perspectives (10,808 cases). Although both were prospective cohort studies, subject age was limited from 50 to 79 years,

with no specific age limitations. Association between Peptide 17 chemical structure severe striking life events and the incidence of primary breast cancer Of the 7 included studies, three described severe life events. In one study, life events were categorized into those with little or no threat, some threat, moderate threat, and severe threat, depending on subjective human feelings, with the OR of primary Wnt inhibitor breast cancer higher in subjects with severe threat [17]. A second study evaluated severe life events based on scores, finding that OR of primary breast cancer increased from 5.09 to 5.33 as scores increased [20]. In contrast, when severe life events were based on multiple events, the OR for primary cancer decreased

from 1.12 for a single event to 0.91 for more than three events [23]. To assess the reasons for these differences, we performed a meta-analysis regarding ORs of severe life events in the included studies because the phrase “severe life events” was close to the connotation of “striking life events” in the present study (Table 2). Because the analysis of Ors showed considerable heterogeneity in consistency

tests, the fixed effects model was abandoned and the random effects model was used in our meta-analysis. Table 2 Characteristics and downs & black scores of studies assessing serious striking life events Authors/Year Country Design Valable OR (95% CI) Chen 1995 [17] England from Case–control Severe life events 11.64 (3.10-43.66) Protheroe 1999 [19] Australia Case–control Severe life events 0.91 (0.47-1.81) Kruk 2012 [20] Poland Case–control Major life events 5.33 (4.01-8.21) Helgesson 2003 [21] Sweden Prospective Stressful events 2.1 (1.2-3.7) Lillberg 2003 [22] Finland Prospective Major life events 1.35 (1.09-1.67) Michael2009 [23] America Prospective ≥4 life events 0.91 (0.77-1.08) RR relative risk, CI confidence interval. We found that the risk of breast cancer was strongly and significantly associated with more severe striking life events (OR 2.07, 95% CI 1.06 – 4.03, P = 0.03), suggesting that individuals with severe striking life events would be at two-fold greater risk of developing breast cancer than individuals without these severe striking life events (Figure 2). In addition, we found that the risk of breast cancer incidence was positively associated with both striking (OR 1.51) and severe striking life events (OR 2.

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