In this case, the same exposed area might generate different curr

In this case, the same exposed area might generate different current values according to the depth of the fragment in the

root canals, where the reduced volume of the solution tends to limit the ionic conduction between anode and cathode. Consequently, further studies are necessary to investigate the dissolution process of file fragments localized in root canals, considering the depth of the fragment. Future research involving simulated root canals Akt inhibitor and extracted human teeth would more closely simulate the dissolution of a NiTi fractured instrument in situ. The radiographs presented here showed a significant reduction of the fragment length as a result of polarization. However, the dissolution process observed here was less intensive than that presented by Ormiga et al (28). Those authors observed the total consumption of the file’s immersed portion in approximately 50 minutes. This discrepancy might be related to the difference between

the metal areas exposed to the solution in both studies. The total immersion of the file’s tip used by those authors generated a significantly larger area than that of the file’s surface cross section used here. It should be noted that the length of time tested here corresponds to 6 hours and is not clinically practical. Consequently, future studies are necessary to improve the conditions of dissolution. Some modifications in the electrolyte composition Fossariinae and pH as well as in the potential values applied would gamma aminobutyric acid function be able to speed the dissolution process. The conclusion from the results presented here is that it is possible to obtain a significant dissolution of K3 NiTi endodontic instrument fragments by using the method proposed by Ormiga et al (28). The diameter of the surface of fragment exposed to the medium affects the current levels used to promote the dissolution, where

the larger is the diameter of the exposed surface cross section, the higher is the total value of electrical charge. The authors acknowledge the support of COPPETEC Foundation, FAPERJ, and CNPq. The authors deny any conflicts of interest related to this study. “
“Because of a production error, in the article titled “Long-term Survival of Indirect Pulp Treatment Performed in Primary and Permanent Teeth with Clinically Diagnosed Deep Carious Lesions” published in J Endod 2010;36:1490–1493, R.J.M. Gruythuysen, DDS, PhD, and A.J.P. van Strijp, DDS, PhD, were identified as Rene Gruythuysen, DDS, PhD, and Guus van Strijp, DDS, PhD, and some of the authors’ corrections were omitted. The relevant portions are reproduced below with the corrections inserted. As reported in the present study and in other investigations (5, 7), clinical outcomes achieved by IPT, as treatment for asymptomatic pulpal inflammation, were not inferior to those of pulpectomy treatment (15, 19, 21).

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