coil strains, with different specificity toward each strain. Results of the cytotoxic activity evaluation revealed that twelve out of sixteen test compounds were cytotoxic to human acute monocytic leukemia THP-1 and/or human acute T cell leukemia Jurkat cell line. 1-(N-hydroxycarbamoyl)benzotriazole (5) increased the metabolic activity of both cell lines. Two compounds, 1-(N-hydroxycarbamoyl)benzotriazole (5) and N,N’,N ”-trihydroxybiuret (15), were identified as potential NO donors.”
“Described here is a case of topiramate-induced reversible erectile dysfunction in which possible pathogenetic
mechanisms were excluded by use of appropriate psychological, neurophysiological, ultrasound, and laboratory tests. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Introduction: The ability to Sapitinib clinical trial BTSA1 nmr expand organ-specific stem/progenitor cells is critical for translational applications, although
uncertainties often arise in identifying the lineage of expanded cells. Therefore, superior insights into lineage maintenance mechanisms will be helpful for cell/gene therapy.
Methods: We studied epithelial cells isolated from fetal human pancreas to assess their proliferation potential, changes in lineage markers during culture, and capacity for generating insulin-expressing beta cells. Cells were isolated by immunomagnetic sorting for epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM), and characterized for islet-associated transcription factors, hormones, and ductal markers. Further studies were performed after modification Navitoclax of cells with the catalytic subunit of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT).
Results: Fetal pancreatic progenitor cells efficiently formed
primary cultures, although their replication capacity was limited. This was overcome by introduction and expression of hTERT with a retroviral vector, which greatly enhanced cellular replication in vitro. However, we found that during culture hTERT-modified pancreatic progenitor cells switched their phenotype with gain of additional mesodermal properties. This phenotypic switching was inhibited when a pancreas-duodenal homeobox (Pdx)-1 transgene was expressed in hTERT-modified cells with a lentiviral vector, along with inductive signaling through activin A and serum deprivation. This restored endocrine properties of hTERT-modified cells in vitro. Moreover, transplantation studies in immunodeficient mice verified the capacity of these cells for expressing insulin in vivo.
Conclusions: Limited replication capacity of pancreatic endocrine progenitor cells was overcome by the hTERT mechanism, which should facilitate further studies of such cells, although mechanisms regulating switches between meso-endodermal fates of expanded cells will need to be controlled for developing specific applications.